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William Gibson – Neuromancer

28 Jan

The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel. ”
—Opening line of Neuromancer

This is the starting line of the Neuromancer.It shows the world looks like pesimist, dark but at the same time it related to tecnological world in all the way.TV is the most powerful weapon to control people, it’s fast it becomes a need like air it stays there at the sky, and it’s the most simple form of tecnology, the basic.The ones who control this, the pests of this world, can eat the cables and turn this world down instantly but it mean they will face with other bugs at this tunnel.Let’s know these pests of Chiba city firstly.
Case, is told as an antihero in the novel.He is very good at hacking computer systems but after he caught by stealing, with Russian mycotoxin he lost his connection to cyberspace
There is another character, beautiful Molly; is similar like Trinity in some ways in the matrix trilogy.
She is here;

She has blades under her fingernails which she can use like claws, she is one of the main characters.

Armitage is the boss controlling the mission and repairing the blocked part that case has and curing
the drug addiction

Chiba City looks like a computer part at the from the sky it’s irony of this virtual world which the neurons connected directly to cyberspace.

Molly and Casa took a mission from the armitage that, they must steal a ROM module that contains the saved conciousness of one of Case’s mentors, legendary cyber-cowboy McCoy Pauley, nicknamed “The Dixie Flatline.”At the same time they discovered something about the armitage that armitage was a member of “Operation Screaming Fist,” which planned on infiltrating and disrupting Soviet computer systems from aircraft dropped over Russia.They went to Istanbul, this part is interesting and they meet with Peter Riviera, an artist, thief, and drug addict who is able to project detailed holographic illusions with the aid of sophisticated cybernetic implants
Wintermute is reveled and it’s the vital thing that the team needs to complete the mission. Turing-imposed software barriers using a powerful icebreaker program.
Wintermute used armitage to persuade Case and Molly to help it merge with its twin AI, Neuromancer.
With this the old member of operation scream fist is come back again but killed by wintermute.Wintermute/Neuromancer contacted with them, and has begun looking for other AIs like itself. Scanning old recorded transmissions from the 1970s, the super-AI finds a lone AI transmitting from the Alpha centuiry star system.

Thanks to Supertramp.

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Pekka Himanen – The Hacker Ethic

26 Jan

“One might say that there is an “ethics barrier ” a speed above which ethics can no longer exit. After that point the only remaining goal is to survive the immediate moment.”

-Pekka Himanen

Nearly a century ago, Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism articulated the animating spirit of the industrial age, the Protestant ethic. Now, Pekka Hinamen — together with Linus Torvalds and Manuel Castells — articulates how hackers* represent a new, opposing ethos for the information age. Underlying hackers’ technical creations — such as the Internet and the personal computer, which have become symbols of our time — are the hacker values that produced them and that challenge us all. These values promoted passionate and freely rhythmed work; the belief that individuals can create great things by joining forces in imaginative ways; and the need to maintain our existing ethical ideals, such as privacy and equality, in our new, increasingly technologized society. The Hacker Ethic takes us on a journey through fundamental questions about life in the information age — a trip of constant surprises, after which out time and our lives can be seen from unexpected perspectives.

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Eric S. Raymond – Homesteading The Noosphere

26 Jan

“After observing a contradiction between the official ideology defined by open-source licenses and the actual behavior of hackers, I examine the actual customs that regulate the ownership and control of open-source software. I show that they imply an underlying theory of property rights homologous to the Lockean theory of land tenure. I then relate that to an analysis of the hacker culture as a `gift culture’ in which participants compete for prestige by giving time, energy, and creativity away. Finally, I examine the consequences of this analysis for conflict resolution in the culture, and develop some prescriptive implications.”

Eric S. Raymond

 “Homesteading the Noosphere” is an essay written by Eric S. Raymond. In this essay he explains the    social workings of open-source software development. In “An Introductory Contradiction”, the first  part of the essay, he says: “In this essay, I will dig around the roots of that contradiction, and use it to  discover those drives and pressures. I will deduce some interesting things about the hacker culture and its customs. I will conclude by suggesting ways in which the culture’s implicit knowledge can be leveraged better.”

So, the essay examines investigating possible anthropological bases of the gift culture (Eric S. Raymond analyses the hacker culture as a gift culture) in open source. Raymond studies the contrast between the stated aims of open source and observed behaviors, and also explores the underlying motivations of people involved in the open source movement. While reading this essay, you will be able to analyse the customs that  regulate the ownership and control of open-source software.

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Eric S. Raymond – The Art of Unix Programming

23 Jan

“This book is both practical and philosophical. Some parts are aphoristic and general, others will examine specific case studies in Unix development. We will precede or follow general principles and aphorisms with examples that illustrate them: examples drawn not from toy demonstration programs but rather from real working code that is in use every day.

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The Art of Unix Programming poses the belief that understanding the unwritten UNIX engineering tradition and mastering its design patterns will help programmers of all stripes to become better programmers. This book attempts to capture the engineering wisdom and design philosophy of the UNIX, Linux, and Open Source software development community as it has evolved over the past three decades, and as it is applied today by the most experienced programmers. Eric Raymond offers the next generation of “hackers” the unique opportunity to learn the connection between UNIX philosophy and practice through careful case studies of the very best UNIX/Linux programs.

Eric S. Raymond – The Cathedral & The Bazaar

23 Jan

The Cathedral and the Bazaar, explains why the Linux operating system should be called GUN/Linux.  The essay also makes an economic case for open source software. The essay is widely accepted as revolutionary insightful.”

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The book is generally about the development of the idea of open source coded softwares. The author discusses the differences between close source coded softwares and open source coded ones. Actually the name of the book is just the comparison : the cathedral stands for close source code, and the bazaar stands for open source. When a software is close source coded, it means that it is only available to a certain group of software developers. However, when it is open source coded, it is available to all people on the Internet. The book also touches some important points about free software companies and projects such as GNU Linux and Fetchmail.
The author discusses the basics of making an open source coded softwares. He has around twenty good suggestion. I am going to summarize these points as following:

  •   The book generally focuses on the project from the user’s point of view. It suggests that the open source coded projects should be renewable and reusable.
  •   The projects should be promising for the future technologies, so the developers will be more supportive.
  •   However, this doesn’t mean that the project should be perfect in all terms, on the contrary it should be easy to deal with and as plain as possible.
  •   Another point is that the project should be updated frequently.So if the project is achievable, then there is no problem with using open source code.

Thanks to ‘Uci KAHRAMANLI