”With the diffusion of electronically based communication technologies, territorial contiguity ceases to be a recondition for the simultaneity of interactive social practices. but “the death of distance” is not the end of the spatial dimension of society.”
Manuel Castells was born in Spain, 1942. He studied law and economics at the University of Barcelona in 1958-1962. He is activist against Franco’s dictatorship and he escaped to Paris. He benefitted from a political exile fellowship and graduated from the Sorbonne’s Faculty of Law and Economics in 1964. He took his PhD in Sociology from the University of Paris in 1967.
Castells started his career in 1967 at the University of Paris, he was teaching methodology of social resarch. He published his first book La Question Urbaine . It was translated in ten languages and became a classic arond in world.
In the 1990s, he combined his two research strands in The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture, published as a trilogy, The Rise of the Network Society (1996), The Power of Identity (1997), and End of Millennium (1998).
He has published 20 books and over 100 articles in academic journals and he has edited 15 additional books. His last research is about social and economic implications of Internet. The Internet Galaxy Reflections on Internet, Business and Society was published in 2001 by Oxford University Press. He is still interested in the new development strategies for the Information Age.
Castells claims that humankind are passing from the industrial age into the information age.
- The Urban Question. A Marxist Approach ( Alan Sheridan, translator). London, Edward Arnold (1977) (Original publication in French, 1972)
- City, Class and Power. London; New York, MacMillan; St. Martins Press (1978)
- The Economic Crisis and American Society. Princeton, NJ, Princeton UP (1980)
- The City and the Grassroots: A Cross-cultural Theory of Urban Social Movements. Berkeley: University of California Press (1983)
- The Informational City: Information Technology, Economic Restructuring, and the Urban Regional Process. Oxford, UK; Cambridge, MA: Blackwell (1989)
- The Information Age trilogy:
- Castells, Manuel (1996, second edition, 2000). The Rise of the Network Society , The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture Vol. I. Cambridge, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell
- Castells, Manuel (1997, second edition, 2004). The Power of Identity, The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture Vol. II. Cambridge, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
- Castells, Manuel (1998, second edition, 2000). End of Millennium, The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture Vol. III. Cambridge, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
- The Internet Galaxy, Reflections on the Internet, Business and Society. Oxford, Oxford University Press (2001)
- The Information Society and the Welfare State: The Finnish Model. Oxford UP, Oxford (2002)
- The Network Society: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar (2004), (editor and co-author).
- The Network Society: From Knowledge to Policy. Washington, DC, Center for Transatlantic Relations (2006) (co-editor)
- Mobile Communication and Society: A Global Perspective. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press (2006) (co-author)
- Epilogue of Pekka Himemen’s The Hacker Ethic.
- Castells, Manuel (2009,). Communication power. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 608.